Ocular migraines affect the retina in your eye. Also known as visual, retinal, ophthalmic, or monocular (one eye) migraines, this is a rare disorder and is known to affect 1 in every 200 people suffering from migraines.

The prevalence rate of the disease is 45.69%. It mostly affects people in the age group of 20 to 40.


Common symptoms found in patients suffering from ocular migraines include:

  • Loss of vision in one eye for about an hour, along or after headache.
  • People who have regular migraines can have flashes of light or blind spots known as aura, which usually appear in both the eyes.

Other symptoms could consist of:

  • headache at one side of the head (usually moderate to extremely painful),
  • a feeling of throbbing or pulsating, nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and sound.


Experts are not sure on what can cause ocular migraines, but research speculates that it is related to spasms in blood vessels of the retina and changes that spread in its nerve cells. People with ocular migraines are at a higher risk of developing permanent loss of vision in one eye.


Most people do not consider seeking a treatment for ocular migraines. The eye doctor will advise you to take rest during the time when experiencing ocular migraine till your vision goes back to normal. An eye doctor might also suggest a pain killer to relieve the pain.

Drugs that treat epilepsy are known to cure ocular migraines. Medicines to control blood pressure, known as beta blockers, have also proven helpful in treating ocular migraines. Aspirin is one of the common drugs an eye doctor might prescribe to reduce headache.

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