December 7, 2023

Apollo, more commonly known as conjunctivitis or pink eye, is an infection or swelling in your conjunctiva, a transparent and thin membrane covering the inner surface of the eyelid and the white part of the eye.

In the presence of pink eye, the blood vessels within the conjunctiva undergo inflammation, resulting in the red or pink hue typically linked with conjunctivitis.

Different types of Apollo eye infections can come with other slight symptoms. However, it’s essential to consult with your doctor if you start to experience:

  • Eyes appearing pink or red
  • The sensation of grittiness in the eyes
  • A buildup of watery or thick discharge on the eyes, especially during the night
  • Itchiness in the eyes
  • Unusual increase in tear production

What are the Main Causes of Apollo?

Generally, there are three leading causes of Apollo: infectious, allergic, and chemical.  These causes can range from reactions to allergens or viral or bacterial components. To understand how to deal with this eye problem, knowing the causes in depth is a must.

  1. Infectious Conjunctivitis
    Infectious conjunctivitis consists of two types, which include bacterial and viral forms.

    • Bacterial conjunctivitis leads to staphylococcal or streptococcal bacteria. This variant commonly occurs from actions like touching the eyes with unclean hands, sharing cosmetics, or having physical contact with anyone who might be experiencing conjunctivitis.
    • Viral conjunctivitis is primarily caused by viruses linked with the common cold. This form may develop if someone with an upper respiratory infection coughs or sneezes near you. Additionally, it can occur when you have a cold virus and exert excessive force while blowing your nose, potentially transferring the infection from the respiratory system to the eyes.
  2. Allergic Conjunctivitis
    Many people suffering from allergic conjunctivitis have seasonal allergies. They can quickly suffer from pink eye infections if they come in contact with the substances they are allergic to, such as pollen, animal dander, dust mites, and mold. It can also be possible to develop giant papillary conjunctivitis, an allergic type of pink eye that develops when the inside of the eyelid gets red, swollen, and irritated because of injury from contact lenses.
    People with allergic conjunctivitis may experience intense itching, tearing, and inflammation of the eyes — as well as sneezing and watery nasal discharge. Most allergic conjunctivitis can be managed and treated with allergy eye drops. Allergic conjunctivitis is not contagious.
  3. Chemical Conjunctivitis
    Conjunctivitis can result from chemical splashes or foreign objects in the eye, leading to redness and irritation. Flushing the eye to remove the substance may exacerbate symptoms temporarily, causing irritation and redness. Symptoms such as watery eyes and mucous discharge typically resolve independently within a day.
    If flushing fails to alleviate symptoms, especially in the case of caustic chemicals like lye, immediate consultation with a healthcare provider or eye specialist is essential. Chemical splashes can result in permanent eye damage, and persistent symptoms may indicate the presence of a retained foreign body or potential injury to the cornea or conjunctiva. Seeking professional medical attention is crucial for accurate diagnosis and appropriate eye treatment.

What are the Risk Factors, Complications, and Prevention?

Risk Factors

Some of the risk factors for Apollo eye infection include:

  • Contracting viral or bacterial conjunctivitis can occur through close contact with an infected person.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis may result from exposure to substances you are allergic to.
  • Wearing contact lenses, particularly extended-wear lenses, is also a potential factor in developing conjunctivitis.


In adults and children, conjunctivitis can cause inflammation in the cornea, affecting sight. Prompt evaluation and treatment can decrease the risk of complications. See your eye care specialist immediately if you have:

  • Pain in the eye or head
  • The feeling of something in your eye
  • Blurred or foggy vision
  • Sensitivity with light


To prevent the transmission of Apollo, practice good hygiene to control the spread. For instance:

  • Don’t rub or touch your eyes with your hands.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Use a clean towel and washcloth daily.
  • Keep your towels and washcloths private.
  • Change your pillowcases usually.
  • Throw away old eye cosmetics, such as mascara, eyeliner, etc.
  • Don’t share personal eye care items and cosmetic products.

Remember that pink eye is not as contagious as the common cold. Returning to work, school, or child care is okay if you practice good hygiene and avoid close contact. However, if work, school, or child care involves close contact with others, staying home may be best until your or your child’s symptoms are treated.

How to Prevent Apollo in Newborns?

The eyes of newborns are exposed to bacteria in the mother’s birth canal. Usually, these bacteria often lead to no signs in the mother. In a few cases, these bacteria can cause babies to develop severe conjunctivitis called ophthalmia neonatorum, requiring prompt treatment to preserve vision. Thus, an antibiotic ointment that helps prevent eye infections is applied to the eyes of every newborn shortly after birth.

Share it:
Our Doctors

Oluremi Ashaolu

Hello everyone at skipper Eye q Skipper eye q is a place to be, they’re so kind and understanding especially the receptionist she was so helpful when I came for my son’s test and operation, God bless you all

Rossy Jolaoluwa

Great hospital my surgery was successful I have been discharged. All thanks to skipper and My lovely and beautiful Dr Okunade. I’m really happy

Joy Makanjuola

I did my surgery last year at the ilupeju branch, at first I was scared at first but after the surgery I didn’t regret it. Thank you Dr Okunade,very excellent Doctor.